BY KATIE - MYGREENPOD, 19 November '15

The UK government has been taken to the High Court for failing to protect rivers and wetlands

Today (19 November) WWF-UK, the Angling Trust and Fish Legal have taken the government to the High Court, accusing it of dragging its feet over the protection of England’s most precious rivers and wetlands.

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Inaction and interference

The government legally committed to ensuring these sites were healthy by 2015, but the three organisations claim that ministers stifled action to address harmful pollution from farms.

‘Places like Poole Harbour in Dorset and the River Mease in the Midlands are among England’s natural ‘crown jewels’. It is shameful that these places as well as cherished species like the kingfisher, Atlantic salmon and avocet have been put at long-term risk due to ministerial interference.’

David Nussbaum, Chief Executive of WWF-UK

U-turn on Water Protection Zones

In 2009, the government publicly committed to using Water Protection Zones (WPZs), which had previously been identified as the most appropriate and cost-effective way to tackle agricultural pollution affecting these specially protected sites. This decision was set in law after an extensive consultation process.
 
Investigations by WWF-UK, the Angling Trust and Fish Legal have revealed that, in January 2011, Defra Ministers and the Environment Agency decided to put the brakes on the use of  WPZs, except as a ‘last resort’.

An unlawful position?

The government’s decision came in spite of overwhelming evidence that other measures to tackle the pollution problem would not be sufficient. The decision was not made public and no WPZs have been put in place to tackle this pollution.

‘This was an ideologically driven decision, taken behind closed doors, which contravened the government’s public position. It also flies in the face of Defra’s own analysis which has repeatedly shown that relying on voluntary action by farmers alone will not solve the problem of agricultural pollution.

‘We believe the use of this ‘last resort’ doctrine to evade installing Water Protection Zones has not only been devastating for our protected rivers and wetlands but is also unlawful.’

David Nussbaum, Chief Executive of WWF-UK

The ‘dirty man of Europe’

Currently only 17% of the rivers in England are in good health, according to the government’s own statistics.

‘We cannot let the UK regain its title as the dirty man of Europe – urgent action must be taken. Salmon populations have declined by 40% in the last 30 years, and agricultural pollution is one of the most significant causes.

‘This is why, today, we are seeking the help of the Court to ensure the government takes the action that is needed to provide these special places with the protection to which they are lawfully entitled.’

Mark Lloyd, chief executive of the Angling Trust & Fish Legal

The price of pollution

The government’s own figures show that getting three-quarters of rivers, lakes and wetlands up to good health would boost the economy by £8.5 billion – through increased tourism, recreation, improved flood resilience and enhanced quality of life.

Conversely, agricultural pollution costs the water and tourism industries, and the taxpayer and angling groups, between £758 million to £1.3 billion each year.

In October 2015, the European Commission issued legal guidance warning the UK Government of its failures to implement EU water legislation. The EC’s warning may signal the beginnings of formal infraction proceedings which could lead to fines running into the millions of pounds a year.

Click here to find out more about the importance of healthy wetlands.