Latin American and European cities are the least reliant on fossil fuels for electricity, according to new analysis of major cities around the world.
Asia Pacific cities continue to show a high dependency on fossil fuels, while North American and African cities sit somewhere in the middle.
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Disclosing the fuel mix
This year 308 cities are participating in CDP (formerly the Carbon Disclosure Project) to better manage their climate change strategies. As part of the process, they have been asked to disclose the fuel mix for the electricity that powers their city.
Click here to see energy mix for cities in your region.
‘One of the biggest challenges for cities is often their lack of direct control over their electricity or energy generation. Despite this, cities have been finding ways to shake up their energy mix and inspire a move away from fossil fuels.
‘As greenhouse gas emissions continue to mount, it is more important than ever that we seize the opportunities of a low-carbon future. Cities are well placed to lead this transition.’
Conor Riffle, director of cities and data innovation at CDP
Europe, Latin America and Asia Pacific
In 2015, 162 cities responded to share their use of fossil fuel versus clean power sources, reporting coal, gas, oil, nuclear, biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar and wind.
The results show that of participating cities, Latin American cities average 76% of their electricity from clean sources. European cities in the study average 59% from clean power.
Participating cities in the Asia Pacific region collectively receive 15% of their electricity from non-fossil fuel sources.
Shifting to low-carbon energy
Overall, cities are making significant strides in shifting towards the adoption of low-carbon energy: 35% of cities reporting their energy mix get three-quarters of their electricity from non-fossil fuel sources.
Over a third of the cities disclosing to CDP this year report having some kind of renewable energy target in place.
The power generation sector is the largest carbon emitter in the energy market and currently emits 12.6 gigatons CO2e (2015)1 — equivalent to two years of greenhouse gas emissions from all the world’s cars. Moving to cleaner energy sources presents cities with a major opportunity to combat climate change.