The ‘golden age of cycling’ that Boris Johnson has suggested may dawn as we emerge from the coronavirus crisis could be a health and environmental benefit to UK citizens. But is it possible for cycling to be relevant to more than a niche group in our society?
Below, climate and energy charity Ashden has identified some of the most inspiring organisations that are working to radically reduce carbon emissions across the world.
The experience of these Ashden champions of active travel could provide policy makers with valuable lessons about how to put cycling into the reach of more people and groups that might normally be excluded.
Cycling has increased during lockdown and bikes are being used as a safer alternative to public transport, for recreation, fitness and deliveries.
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The London Borough of Waltham Forest and the Colombian city of Bogota both have growing populations and thriving economies, but they also face worrying levels of traffic congestion and air pollution.
While the two places are thousands of miles apart, their leaders have used the same core ideas to promote better health and economic growth.
After several incremental approaches to address Waltham Forest’s traffic, air pollution and health problems failed, the deputy leader of the Waltham Forest Council, Councillor Clyde Loakes (himself a keen cyclist) launched an ambitious plan ‘Enjoy Waltham Forest’ to revolutionise active travel in the borough.
Using £30m of funding from the Mayor of London to improve the take up of cycling and walking in the borough, dozens of streets in Walthamstow and Leyton were part-closed to stop rat-running, and 20mph speed limits were introduced – as well as 29km of segregated cycle lanes, 207 improved pedestrian crossings (which include pedestrian/cycle/blended crossings) and 31 pocket parks.
In Waltham Forest, the highways department works closely with the public health team, and independent research commissioned by the council suggests the programme is already increasing life expectancy.
Similarly Bogota, the capital city of Colombia, was determined to shift the balance away from private cars to cycling and public transport – which is the way that most lower income people commute into the city.
A ‘Plan Bici’ – Bike Plan was launched in 2015 by the then mayor, Enrique Penalosa, which involved integrating the plan into all city hall departments work programmes and create a cycling revolution.
The tourism department, for instance, promotes Bogota’s Sunday Ciclovias when 120km of roads are closed to cars.
Bogota has big ambitions to become the world cycling capital and has installed hundreds of miles of cycle lanes and seen a big impact on air quality.
The city is integrating cycling culture into education, workplaces and healthcare with impressive inter-departmental communication from the city hall.
‘As cities in both the developed world and emerging economies look to cut air pollution and congestion, Waltham Forest and Bogota offer inspiring examples to follow. Both regions have encouraged wide participation beyond the usual cycling and walking enthusiasts.
‘For instance, in Waltham Forest women’s cycling groups have flourished, including JoyRiders and Cycle Sisters both formed by muslim women but which are inclusive of women from any religion. And in Bogota, the Transport Department works closely with the Department for Women to encourage more women to cycle.’
Ashden’s Cities Manager
Both Waltham Forest and Bogota have focused on communicating the wider community benefits – more pleasant public spaces, better health, new jobs and meeting carbon reduction targets.
Big Birmingham Bikes is part of the Birmingham Cycle Revolution, an exciting 20-year council initiative encouraging more people to cycle – making Birmingham healthier, greener, safer and less congested.
During the coronavirus crisis Big Birmingham Bikes (now run by The Active Wellbeing Society) is loaning its entire fleet of bikes to frontline NHS staff to enable them to get to work safely.
‘It’s great for the government to encourage cycling, but if you don’t have a bike, you don’t have that option’, says Karen Creavin, CEO at Big Birmingham Bikes. ‘And now during the coronavirus crisis, that is an even bigger problem than normal if people need to get to work a distance away but don’t want to take the bus. That’s why we have loaned out all our bikes to those in frontline NHS jobs.’
Outside of the Covid-19 crisis, Big Birmingham Bikes encourages adults and children living in deprived areas to get cycling and give away thousands of bikes to local residents.
The scheme reconditions bikes and distributes them from Wellbeing Centres and Community Hubs. It also works with schools, provides adapted bikes for disabled people and runs community cycling groups.
Bikes are loaned out for free on condition that users commit to engaging in cycle lessons, such as Bikeability, before they receive a bike, and commit to ongoing and regular use.
‘All of these schemes show that in some regions, the golden age of cycling has been here for quite a few years. These great examples show how to get more people cycling and learning from them could be one of the cleverest things our government could do.’
Ashden’s Cities Manager